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Sigmund Freud

(1856 - 1939)


Sigmund Freud, founder of psychoanalysis, author of The Future of an Illusion

Biography of Sigmund Freud :

Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist. Sigmund Freud is the founder of psychoanalysis, means of curing neuroses by the psychic analysis. He defines it as being at the same time a method of investigation of the mental processes, a therapeutic method and a theory of the psychic working.

This theory allows him also to explain the collective phenomena like the interdict of incest (Totem and Taboo) and an interesting analysis of religion (The Future of an Illusion). Sigmund Freud teaches at the faculty of Vienna from 1883 and goes in 1938 into exile in London to escape nazi anti-Semitism.

Freud is a nonbeliever. He crusades against religion, which he considers as an obstacle to human intelligence and development.

For lack of scientific evidences of its effectiveness and because of behaviors, sometimes considered as sectarian, of its partisans, psychoanalysis is the object of many criticisms.
Bibliography : The Interpretation of Dreams (1900), The Psychopathology of Everyday Life (1901), The Jokes and Their relationship to the Unconscious (1905), Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905), Totem and taboo (1913), Introduction to Psychoanalysis (1916), It Ego and Id (1923), The Future of an Illusion (1927), Civilization and Its Discontents (1930), Moses and Monotheism (1939).

Quotes of Sigmund Freud

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